What Do We Need To Know About Cancer?

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September 6, 2018
September 8, 2018

What Do We Need To Know About Cancer?

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Cancer is a very known disease today. You may or may not have someone you know who has suffered or is suffering from this disease that we all so dread. Sure, we know what cancer is, in a very generic way. It is one of the most feared illness of all time. Usually, when we hear the word “cancer”, we think that it is something detrimental. We think of the expensive treatments, loss and grief. It is one of the most common diseases that cause death. But do we really understand what is it? Here are some information that you need to know about cancer.

What is cancer?

Cancer is a collection of diseases involving abnormal cell growth that can spread to other parts of the body, it starts when a cell or a few cells begin to grow and multiply too much thus, forming a tumor or a subset of neoplasms.

A tumor is a clump of cells that have an abnormal growth resulting to forming a mass.

It can start almost anywhere or any part of a human body and the term that is used for where the cancer starts is the primary tumour. As soon as it spreads and latches to other parts of the body, it forms a secondary tumour or a metastasis.

There are mainly five cancer groups:

  1. Lymphomas – is a type of cancer that involves the cells of our immune system, or commonly called as the white blood cells or lymphocytes.

  2. Brain Tumors – is a growth or mass of abnormal cells in the brain. It can be a benign or a malignant tumor, but regardless of what state it is, it it not to be taken lightly.

  3. Carcinomas –  is a type of cancer that starts in the cells that make up our skin and tissue lining organs. The growth of the abnormal cells are without control and are likely to spread to other parts of the body.

  4. Leukemia – cancer of the blood-forming tissues including the bone marrow and lymphatic system. Unlike other types of cancer, leukemia usually does not form solid tumors.

  5. Sarcomas – are malignant tumors of connective tissues such as bones, cartilages, nerves, fat, and blood vessels. This is a rare kind of cancer.

All in all, there are more than 200 types of cancer.

How is cancer acquired? Is it hereditary?

While most cancers are from gene changes that happen to a person’s body due to the abnormal cell growth, some cases are due to faulty genes being inherited or passed down in family bloodlines.

What are the common symptoms of cancer?

Common symptoms of cancer are: change in bowel habits, persistent cough with blood-tinged saliva, breast lump, blood in the stool, anemia, breast charges, lumps in testicles, change in urination, persistent lumps or mass, indigestion, unexpected night sweats, weight loss, fever, severe headaches, and back pain. These are only a few of the symptoms of cancer. Although cancer has no specific symptoms, one must not neglect an early symptom that might lead to a diagnosis.

Cancer, after it is cured, have the tendency to come back. Some don’t, some may. But there are cancer types that can’t be cured but treatments are encouraged and formulated to keep it under control for some time.

Be alert and always be conscious with your health. Always remember that the best way to fight cancer is prevention, and if not prevented, then early diagnosis and detection.

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