Cancer Screening Process

Cancer Screening Process

Cancer screening test are procedures used to check your body for cancer symptoms long before you start having them. Detecting early cancer will help your to avoid complications and to ensure an early effective cancer treatment. Keeping well informed about your health is ideal and learning of any potential risk factors or health conditions early, can save your life. Cancer screening process has a lot of variations or methods. These tests and procedures are being assigned by the doctor on a basis of necessity. .

Types of Biopsy

1. Image: guiding a needle to the location with the help of an imaging technique.
2. Fine needle aspiration: the physician collects a small amount of tissue from the suspicious area to examine and test further using an extra thin, hollow needle attached to a syringe.
3. Vacuum-assisted biopsy: uses a suction device to collect a tissue sample through a specially designed needle.
4. Excisional biopsy: this method involves a doctor removing the suspicious area. Commonly used for skin and a removable lump under the skin issues.
5. Endoscopic biopsy: endoscope (thin, lighted, flexible tube with a camera) is used to view the inside of the body, including the bladder, abdomen, joints, or gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
6. Laparoscopic biopsy: a biopsy used for examining the abdomen.
7. Liquid biopsy: this method is used to test a blood sample for cancer.
8. Bone Marrow Aspiration and biopsy this procedure collects a sample of bone marrow in order to help doctors find out about blood cancer, leukemia, lymphoma or multiple myeloma.
9. Bone Scan: helps find cancer that has started in or spread to the bones.
10. Breast MRI: uses magnetic fields to capture multiple images of the breast tissue.
11. Colonoscopy: a method to view the entire large intestine. It can help find the cause of problems in a part of the large intestine called the colon.
12. Computed Tomography (CT) Scan: used to learn about cancer stage. It takes pictures of the inside of the body using x-rays taken from different angles. A computer then combines these images into a detailed, 3-dimensional image that shows any abnormalities or tumors.
13. Digital Rectal Exam (DRE): a method where a doctor checks the lower rectum, pelvis, and lower belly for cancer and other health problems
14. EKG and Echocardiogram: help find problems with the heart muscle, valves, or rhythm.
15. Fecal Occult Blood Test: is used to find blood in the feces, or stool.
16. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): is an imaging test. It uses powerful magnets and radio waves to produce detailed, computer-generated pictures of organs and tissue. It helps determine the size of the tumor and where it is located.
17. Mammography: is an x-ray that mainly checks for breast cancer in women.
18. MUGA Scan: is a procedure where it creates a video or images of the heart to check whether they are pumping blood properly.
19. Pap Smear Test: the most common test used to look for early changes in cells that can lead to cervical cancer.
20. Sigmoidoscopy: a procedure that is used to view the lower 20 inches of a person's sigmoid colon and rectum.
21. Ultrasound: a very known method used to look for cancer. It is an imaging test. It is also called sonography or ultrasonography. It uses high-frequency sound waves to create pictures of internal organs.

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